A study on Prevalence of Gastrointestinal Parasitic Infections in HIV (+) Patients Referred to Ahvaz Razi Hospital in 2008-2009

AUTHORS

Farid Yosefi 1 , Mahmoud Rahdar ORCID 2 , * , Saied Mohammad Alavi 1 , Amin Samany 1

1 Department of Infection Disease of Ahvaz Razi Hospital, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, IR Iran

2 Mycoparasitology Department Medicine School and Cellular and Molecular Researches Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, [email protected], IR Iran

How to Cite: Yosefi F, Rahdar M, Alavi S, Samany A. A study on Prevalence of Gastrointestinal Parasitic Infections in HIV (+) Patients Referred to Ahvaz Razi Hospital in 2008-2009, Jundishapur J Microbiol. Online ahead of Print ; 5(2):424-426. doi: 10.5812/jjm.3537.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology: 5 (2); 424-426
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 1, 2011
Accepted: November 25, 2011
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Abstract

Background: Accute Immune Deficiency Syndrom (AIDS) is a serious and lethal disease in many parts of the world, rendering a patient sensitive to all opportunistic pathogens that can cause death as the disease progresses. Many patients suffer from intestinal opportunistic infections by parasites.
Objectives: The aim of present study was to examine parasitic intestinal infections in AIDS patients in Razi Hospital, Ahvaz.
Patients and Methods: We collected 100 stool samples from 60 HIV (+) patients who were referred to Razi Hospital, Ahvaz. The samples were examined by direct and MIF (merthiolate-iodine-formaldehyde) method. All samples were stained with Ziehl-Neelsen (acid fast staining) and trichrome. General data, such as clinical signs, duration of disease, route of infection, and habitat of patient, were obtained by questionnaire.
Results: Thirty percent of HIV (+) patients were infected with intestinal protozoan parasites. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of parasite infections between sex or age. The prevalence of parasitic infections was as follows: Blastocystis hominis, 16. 7%; Cryptosporidium parvum, 8. 3%; Endolimax nana, 5%; Entamoeba coli, 5%; Giardia intestinalis, 3. 3%; E. histolytica cyst, 1. 7%, and Dientamoeba fragilis, 1. 7%.
Conclusions: This study shows that the prevalence of parasitic infections is not high in HIV (+) patient in Ahvaz compared with other studies, but it is recommended that fecal examination be performed every 3 months to detect serious parasitic infections and that parasitic infections should be treated after laboratory diagnosis and in the presence of the gastrointestinal symptoms.


  • Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:
    Although the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in HIV (+) patients is not high, parasitic disease should be considered in such patients who live in tropical and endemic areas due to failure of their immune system.
  • Please cite this paper as:
    Yosefi F, Rahdar M, Alavi SM, Samany A. A study on Prevalence of Gastrointestinal Parasitic Infections in HIV(+) Patients Referred to Ahvaz Razi Hospital in 2008-2009. Jundishapur J Microbiol.2012;5(2):424-6. DOI: 10.5812/jjm.3537

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Keywords

Intestinal Diseases Parasitology HIV Patients Iran

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