Hepatitis C infection: a review on epidemiology and management of occupational exposure in health care workers for general physicians working in Iranian health network setting

AUTHORS

Seyed Mohammad Alavi 1 , * , Eskandar Hajiani 2

1 Jundishapur Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, [email protected], Ahvaz, Iran

2 Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Emam Hospital, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Iran

How to Cite: Alavi S M, Hajiani E. Hepatitis C infection: a review on epidemiology and management of occupational exposure in health care workers for general physicians working in Iranian health network setting, Jundishapur J Microbiol. Online ahead of Print ; 4(1):-.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology: 4 (1)
Article Type: Review Article

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Abstract

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major public health in Iran as well as throughout the world. Health care workers (HCW) are occupationally at the risk of HCV infection. The aim of this article is to review the information about the epidemiology, nosocomial epidemiology, natural history, immunopathogenesis, and occupational risks associated with managing HCV in the health care workplace. Information obtained from previous investigation on HCV infection has yielded a better knowledge about HCV. Because data demonstrating the efficacy of any intervention are not yet available, no definitive post exposure anti viral therapy can be recommended for HCWs who are occupationally exposed to HCV. Based on existing data, the preemptive therapy and watchful waiting strategies outlined in this review article represent reasonable interim approaches to this complex problem.

Keywords

Hepatitis C virus Occupational exposure Health care workers

© 0, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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