Microbiological Analysis of Greywater Treatment Using Constructed Wetlands and Phytoremediation Technology

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K. Neetha Delphi Mary, N. Muralimohan, P. Vijayalakshmi


The World Health Organization (WHO) investigates how recent worldwide problems in environmental challenges, energy, food supply, economic downturn, and financial instability are linked and affect water. Water scarcity is becoming a greater threat to our global economy, lifestyle, and, potentially, humanity's survival. The growth of technology was the primary reason behind this. People now are so focused on developing new things that they have disregarded conserving water. The most crucial factor was that the environment's ecology was severely harmed. There are a lot of technologies for finding the availability of water, but none for water conservation. As a result of this work, it is hoped that a method for preserving water will be developed in the future. At least 1% of those who view this document will get knowledge on how to mitigate water shortages. Population expansion is one of the factors contributing to water scarcity. For this investigation, the researchers picked and recycled residential wastewater. The effluent was created by bathing, dishwashing, and laundry water. Greywater was a term that refers to a certain sort of water. This greywater was gathered in a collecting tank, transmitted to a storage tank, and processed with phytoremediation technology in vertical and horizontal wetland construction tanks with gravel and sand as the filter medium. In terms of plant adaptability and filtering, this process was performed. The goal of this investigation was to discover if recycled treated water might be used for bathing, farming, and other household uses. This study looks at the vertical and horizontal water flow processing in plants. This water filtration aids in the understanding of the importance of water and soil purity. The research reveals (the existence of significant microorganisms in processed greywater, illnesses, or diseases produced if viruses and bacteria are not effectively eliminated until the appropriate usage requirements are met). The article indicates that while the plant technology used is effective in reducing chemical, biochemical, and physical water factors, biological factor removal efficiencies were unfeasible.E. coli, Salmonella spp., Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Shigella spp. were among the bacteria identified in this study.  The only way to get rid of bacterial colonies is to use appropriate disinfection procedures. Some compounds were also employed for human medical reasons. The microbiological impact was shown in the outcome and discussion form.

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