A Retrospective Observational Study on the use of Cone Beam Computed Tomography in Children

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Maria Anthonet Sruthi, Mahesh Ramakrishnan


Aim: The aim of the retrospective study investigated the indications for CBCT in paediatric patients and its correlation with gender and age.

Materials and methods: CBCT images of 50 paediatric patients (aged <18 years) were investigated retrospectively. CBCT indications were categorised as anomalies, trauma, surgery and orthodontics. The effects of age and gender were evaluated. The level of significance was P < 0.05.

Results: The common referral was for orthodontic purposes (40%) which was significant in females (P<0.032) and in the 10-13 years age group (P<0.042) especially to evaluate the developing dentition. This was followed by referral for anomalies and trauma which was significant in males (P<0.032).

Clinical significance: Once the reasons for referral were explored, the usage of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in paediatric dentistry and its impact on the treatment plan and/or management of paediatric patients can be implicated.

Conclusion: The indication for CBCT referral was greater for orthodontic purposes for the age group 10- 13 years.

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