SARS-CoV-2 Virus: Mechanism of Pathogenesis, Replication and Significant Impact on Children, Cancerous, Diabetic patients and Pregnant Women- A Review

Main Article Content

Sumel Ashique, Vaibhavi Mittal, Aakash Upadhyay, Shubneesh kumar, Himanshu Kumar, Garima Sahu, Raneet Das, Soma Ghosh, Jayita Roy, Ayan Goswami


‘Corona’, this alarming word comes from the ‘Latin’ word ‘Crown’ that protects the virus. On Dec, 19, firstly, this virus was isolated from three patients having pneumonia connected to a cluster of acute illnesses. WHO declared it a ‘pandemic’ in Jan, 20 but later in Feb, WHO’s general director Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus named the virus nCOVID-19. It was first identified in Wuhan, China, as a respiratory illness causing novel diseases (SARS and MERS). CDC informed corona primarily causes mild to moderate upper RTI and, in a few cases, lower RTI (pneumonia, bronchitis). Transmission occurs through direct contact or air droplets of sneezing, coughing, etc. The origin is not clear, but recent studies reported that ACE 2, a membrane exopeptidase receptor, was used to enter the human cell. The primary symptoms are fever above 104°F, shortness of breath, pneumonia, throat soreness, diarrhea, etc. Available approved therapeutics include hydroxychloroquine. This current review updates about the viral transmission and main effect of this virus on children, pregnant women, diabetic, and cancer patients.

Article Details