“Effectiveness of Antenatal Physiotherapy Exercises on Labour Outcome”- A Prospective Randomized Control Trial

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Prof. Dr Sudharani B Banappagoudar, Dr Anshul, Dr Sameer Bhardwaj, Azar Praveen, Dr Sharmila B, Subin S, Bhagwant Singh



During pregnancy, the body of a woman goes through a number of physiological changes. In recent years, there has been a substantial rise in the rate of caesarean section versus vaginal delivery. Although vaginal delivery is the greatest pregnancy outcome for both the mother and the baby, there is currently a lack of research on physiotherapy exercise beliefs and childbirth experiences of women who exercise during their pregnancy. Preventing excessive weight gain, gestational diabetes, pregnancy-induced hypertension, minimising the need for a caesarean section, reducing pregnant pain, or reaping the full range of pregnancy benefits exercise.


The study's goal was to assess the effect of prenatal physiotherapy on labour outcome and subject evaluation of labour pain perception using a pain rating scale.

Research Methodology

The experimental group consisted of 25 primigravida’s in their second and third trimesters who had no high-risk pregnancy problems and were willing to exercise often as recommended.


Compared with the control group, the experimental group had a normal vaginal birth and reported a view of less pain. Compared with the control group, the average gestation period in the experimental group was significantly shorter, i.e. 9.56 hours (+2.35), with 84 percent (n = 21) individuals giving birth in the vagina and 16 percent (n = 4) surgical resection.


Antenatal exercises can be advised to those receiving antenatal care who are healthy and have no high-risk pregnancy with no difficulties, as they are a safe and economical technique of improving vaginal delivery.

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