A Descriptive Study to Assess the Knowledge Regarding the Anemia among the Adolescent Girls in the Selected Community Area of Greater Noida (UP)

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Ms. Divya Upreti, Mr. Ketan Sharma, Ms. Aastha Singh, Ms. Kiran Sharma, Ms. Mili Bhattacharya, Shweta Macknight


INTRODUCTION: Anemia is a major nutritional health problem in developing countries like India because of poor dietary habits and malnutrition. The prevalence of anemia is inordinately higher among adolescents as they are signalized by marked physical activity and rapid growths purt; therefore, they need additional nutritional supplements and area but most risk of developing nutritional anemia.

OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to assess the prevalence of anemia and knowledge regarding anemia among adolescent girls of Greater Noida, UP and to determine association between selected socio-demographic variables, and knowledge regarding anemia among adolescent of selected Community of Greater Noida, UP.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A quantitative research approach with descriptive Research design was adopted for the study. A total of 150 adolescent girls living in Greater Noida, UP, who met the inclusion criteria were selected using purposive sampling technique. The tools consist of demographic variables, knowledge questionnaire to assess the knowledge regarding anemia. Reliability of the tool was established by Cronbach’s alpha method, and it was found to be 0.84. Ethical permission was obtained from ethical committee Sharda University and the written in formed consent was taken from each participant before administering the tool

RESULTS: Findings of the present study revealed that majority 81% adolescent girls have poor level of knowledge followed by 19% adolescent girls have moderate level of knowledge /0 regarding anemia. Overall prevalence and knowledge regarding anemia has range value varied from of 3-16 with mean 9.8 and standard deviation 2.88. The area of residence had significant difference on knowledge score regarding anemia in adolescent girls when P value is ≤ 0.05.

CONCLUSION: Knowledge level affects the health status causing anemia in adolescent girls.Majority of adolescent girls have poor level of knowledge. Most of adolescent girls fall under moderate category of anemia.

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