Phytochemical Screening of Turmeric (Curcuma longa Linn.) Extract With 97% Ethanol Solution

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Mitayani, Soo Kuan-Meng, Tukimin Bin Sansuwito, Nurhafizah Nasution, Ratna Dewi Silalahi, Risqi Utami, Zulmardi, Febriyanti


ackground research Indonesian people have traditionally used ingredients derived from nature for medicinal purposes which are generally known to be efficacious. Based on this potential, traditional medicinal products can be widely developed, one of which is turmeric rhizome (Curcuma longa Linn.). Turmeric is one of the tribal plants found (Zingiberaceae). The most important part of using turmeric is the rhizome. The potential of turmeric plants as medicinal plants raises the idea of conducting research aimed at knowing the content of compounds in turmeric rhizomes. Turmeric in this study was obtained from the city of Payakumbuh, West Sumatra. Objective Research To know the phytochemical screening of turmeric extract qualitatively. Research method: This study is a laboratory experimental study, the turmeric rhizome used comes from Payakumbuh City, West Sumatra using 97% ethanol solvent, the parameters used are in the Indonesian herbal pharmacopeia standard (2008) by testing through phytochemical screening, phytochemical screening method used This is done by looking at the color reaction using several reagents. Data analysis was carried out in a qualitative descriptive way. Result research Phytochemical Test Results Compound Content Turmeric extract contains Phenol with the formation of a purple-blue color, steroids with the formation of a blue color, triterpenoids forming a brownish color, alkaloids forming a brown to black color, and Saponin compounds with stable foam >10 minutes as high as 1-10 cm, if Dropped 1 drop of HCl 2 N foam does not disappear as well as compounds glycosides, tannins, flavonoids and essential oils. Conclusion Turmeric rhizome contains phenols, essential oils, steroids, triterpenoids, alkaloids, saponins and also contains glycosides, tannins and flavonoids.

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