Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology

Published by: Kowsar

Follow-Up and Monitoring of Malaria Treated Cases Toward Malaria Elimination Program in Bashagard District, Hormozgan Province, Iran, in 2016

Habibollah Turki 1 and Aboozar Soltani 2 , *
Authors Information
1 Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Hormozgan Health Institute, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
2 Research Center for Health Sciences, Institute of Health, Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Article information
  • Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology: 12 (2); e85267
  • Published Online: February 24, 2019
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: October 12, 2018
  • Revised: January 19, 2019
  • Accepted: January 22, 2019
  • DOI: 10.5812/jjm.85267

To Cite: Turki H , Soltani A. Follow-Up and Monitoring of Malaria Treated Cases Toward Malaria Elimination Program in Bashagard District, Hormozgan Province, Iran, in 2016, Jundishapur J Microbiol. Online ahead of Print ; 12(2):e85267. doi: 10.5812/jjm.85267.

Copyright © 2019, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. World Health Organization. World Health Organization (WHO) malaria report 2017. World Health Organization Press; 2017.
  • 2. Turki H, Raeisi A, Malekzadeh K, Ghanbarnejad A, Zoghi S, Yeryan M, et al. Efficiency of nested-PCR in detecting asymptomatic cases toward malaria elimination program in an endemic area of Iran. Iran J Parasitol. 2015;10(1):39-45. [PubMed: 25904944]. [PubMed Central: PMC4403538].
  • 3. Turki H, Rashid G, Shekari M, Raeisi A, Sharifi-Sarasiabi K. Malaria elimination program: Absence of asymptomatic malaria and low parasitic in endemic area of Rudan district, Hormozgan province, Iran. Hormozgan Med J. 2017;21(4):225-31. doi: 10.29252/hmj.21.4.225.
  • 4. Nateghpour M, Turki H, Keshavarz H, Edrissian GH, Mohebali M, Rahimi Foroushani A. A parasitological and serological study in malaria suspected patients in Hormozgan province, southeastern Iran. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2010;12(3):242-6.
  • 5. Hanafi-Bojd AA, Vatandoost H, Oshaghi MA, Charrahy Z, Haghdoost AA, Zamani G, et al. Spatial analysis and mapping of malaria risk in an endemic area, south of Iran: A GIS based decision making for planning of control. Acta Trop. 2012;122(1):132-7. doi: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2012.01.003. [PubMed: 22245147].
  • 6. Global Malaria Programme. World malaria report 2014. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2014.
  • 7. Raeisi A, Gouya MM, Nadim A, Ranjbar M, Hasanzehi A, Fallahnezhad M, et al. Determination of malaria epidemiological status in Iran's malarious areas as baseline information for implementation of malaria elimination program in Iran. Iran J Public Health. 2013;42(3):326-33. [PubMed: 23641411]. [PubMed Central: PMC3633804].
  • 8. Elimina M. Malaria elimination, guide for participants. World Health Organization; 2016.
  • 9. Sturrock HJ, Hsiang MS, Cohen JM, Smith DL, Greenhouse B, Bousema T, et al. Targeting asymptomatic malaria infections: Active surveillance in control and elimination. PLoS Med. 2013;10(6). e1001467. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001467. [PubMed: 23853551]. [PubMed Central: PMC3708701].
  • 10. Harris I, Sharrock WW, Bain LM, Gray KA, Bobogare A, Boaz L, et al. A large proportion of asymptomatic Plasmodium infections with low and sub-microscopic parasite densities in the low transmission setting of Temotu Province, Solomon Islands: Challenges for malaria diagnostics in an elimination setting. Malar J. 2010;9:254. doi: 10.1186/1475-2875-9-254. [PubMed: 20822506]. [PubMed Central: PMC2944341].
  • 11. Shahbazi A, Farhadi P, Yerian M, Bazmani A, Nakhjiri SK, Rasouli A, et al. Detection of asymptomatic carriers of plasmodium vivax among treated patients by nested PCR method in Minab, Rudan and Bashagard, Iran. Iran J Parasitol. 2013;8(4):586-92. [PubMed: 25516740]. [PubMed Central: PMC4266123].
  • 12. Lindblade KA, Steinhardt L, Samuels A, Kachur SP, Slutsker L. The silent threat: Asymptomatic parasitemia and malaria transmission. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2013;11(6):623-39. doi: 10.1586/eri.13.45. [PubMed: 23750733].
  • 13. Eke R, Chigbu L, Nwachukwu W. High prevalence of asymptomatic Plasmodium infection in a suburb of Aba Town, Nigeria. Ann Afr Med. 2006;5(1):42-5.
  • 14. Stresman GH, Kamanga A, Moono P, Hamapumbu H, Mharakurwa S, Kobayashi T, et al. A method of active case detection to target reservoirs of asymptomatic malaria and gametocyte carriers in a rural area in Southern Province, Zambia. Malar J. 2010;9:265. doi: 10.1186/1475-2875-9-265. [PubMed: 20920328]. [PubMed Central: PMC2959066].
  • 15. Nkoghe D, Akue JP, Gonzalez JP, Leroy EM. Prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum infection in asymptomatic rural Gabonese populations. Malar J. 2011;10:33. doi: 10.1186/1475-2875-10-33. [PubMed: 21306636]. [PubMed Central: PMC3041723].
  • 16. Vafa M, Troye-Blomberg M, Anchang J, Garcia A, Migot-Nabias F. Multiplicity of Plasmodium falciparum infection in asymptomatic children in Senegal: Relation to transmission, age and erythrocyte variants. Malar J. 2008;7:17. doi: 10.1186/1475-2875-7-17. [PubMed: 18215251]. [PubMed Central: PMC2267475].
  • 17. Alves FP, Durlacher RR, Menezes MJ, Krieger H, Silva LH, Camargo EP. High prevalence of asymptomatic Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum infections in native Amazonian populations. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2002;66(6):641-8. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.2002.66.641. [PubMed: 12224567].
  • 18. Cucunuba ZM, Guerra AP, Rahirant SJ, Rivera JA, Cortes LJ, Nicholls RS. Asymptomatic Plasmodium spp. infection in Tierralta, Colombia. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2008;103(7):668-73. doi: 10.1590/S0074-02762008000700007. [PubMed: 19057816].
  • 19. Bin Mohanna MA, Bin Ghouth AS, Rajaa YA. Malaria signs and infection rate among asymptomatic schoolchildren in Hajr Valley, Yemen. East Mediterr Health J. 2007;13(1):35-40. [PubMed: 17546903].
  • 20. Congpuong K, Saejeng A, Sug-Aram R, Aruncharus S, Darakapong A, Meshnick SR, et al. Mass blood survey for malaria: Pooling and real-time PCR combined with expert microscopy in north-west Thailand. Malar J. 2012;11:288. doi: 10.1186/1475-2875-11-288. [PubMed: 22909399]. [PubMed Central: PMC3478204].
  • 21. Hoyer S, Nguon S, Kim S, Habib N, Khim N, Sum S, et al. Focused screening and treatment (FSAT): A PCR-based strategy to detect malaria parasite carriers and contain drug resistant P. falciparum, Pailin, Cambodia. PLoS One. 2012;7(10). e45797. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0045797. [PubMed: 23049687]. [PubMed Central: PMC3462177].
  • 22. Fernando SD, Abeyasinghe RR, Galappaththy GN, Rajapaksa LC. Absence of asymptomatic malaria infections in previously high endemic areas of Sri Lanka. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2009;81(5):763-7. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.2009.09-0042. [PubMed: 19861607].
  • 23. Turki H, Zoghi S, Mehrizi AA, Zakeri S, Raeisi A, Khazan H, et al. Absence of asymptomatic malaria infection in endemic area of bashagard district, Hormozgan province, Iran. Iran J Parasitol. 2012;7(1):36-44. [PubMed: 23133470]. [PubMed Central: PMC3488819].
  • 24. Zoghi S, Mehrizi AA, Raeisi A, Haghdoost AA, Turki H, Safari R, et al. Survey for asymptomatic malaria cases in low transmission settings of Iran under elimination programme. Malar J. 2012;11:126. doi: 10.1186/1475-2875-11-126. [PubMed: 22533733]. [PubMed Central: PMC3464154].
  • 25. Motevalli Haghi A, Delavari M, Nateghpour M, Shekari M, Turki H, Raeisi A, et al. Asymptomatic malaria control program in high-risk Jask district, Hormozgan province, Iran. Sci J Sch Pub Health Inst Pub Health Res. 2015;13(2):95-103.
  • 26. Amirshekari MB, Nateghpour M, Raeisi A, Motevalli Haghi A, Farivar L, Edrissian G. Determination of asymptomatic malaria among Afghani and Pakistani immigrants and native population in south of Kerman province, Iran. Iran J Parasitol. 2016;11(2):247-52. [PubMed: 28096860]. [PubMed Central: PMC5236103].
  • 27. Tanner M, Greenwood B, Whitty CJ, Ansah EK, Price RN, Dondorp AM, et al. Malaria eradication and elimination: Views on how to translate a vision into reality. BMC Med. 2015;13:167. doi: 10.1186/s12916-015-0384-6. [PubMed: 26208740]. [PubMed Central: PMC4514994].
  • 28. Mirahmadi H, Spotin A, Fallahi S, Taghipour N, Turki H, Seyyed Tabaei SJ. Cloning and sequence analysis of recombinant plasmodium vivax merozoite surface protein 1 (PvMSP-142 kDa) In pTZ57R/T vector. Iran J Parasitol. 2015;10(2):197-205. [PubMed: 26246817]. [PubMed Central: PMC4522295].
  • 29. Wongsrichanalai C, Barcus MJ, Muth S, Sutamihardja A, Wernsdorfer WH. A review of malaria diagnostic tools: Microscopy and rapid diagnostic test (RDT). Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2007;77(6 Suppl):119-27. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.2007.77.119. [PubMed: 18165483].
  • 30. Ebrahimzadeh A, Nouri Dalir S, Mirahmadi H, Mehravaran A, Salimi Khorashad A, Turki H. The incidence of current infection with different human malaria species by polymerase chain reaction for diagnosis of suspicious malaria patients on elimination region Sistan and Baluchistan province, southeast of Iran. Jundishapur J Microbiol. 2017;10(10). doi: 10.5812/jjm.58254.
  • 31. Snounou G, Viriyakosol S, Jarra W, Thaithong S, Brown KN. Identification of the four human malaria parasite species in field samples by the polymerase chain reaction and detection of a high prevalence of mixed infections. Mol Biochem Parasitol. 1993;58(2):283-92. doi: 10.1016/0166-6851(93)90050-8. [PubMed: 8479452].

Featured Image:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .
Readers' Comments