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Induction of mutation in Bacillus subtilis lipase gene using error-prone PCR

AUTHORS

Farzaneh Aboualizadeh 1 , * , Jagdeep Kaur 2 , Abbas Behzad-Behbahani 3 , Bahman Khalvati 3

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Diagnostic Laboratory Sciences and Technology Research Center, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, piralab2@sums.ac.ir, Iran

2 Department of Biotechnology, Punjab University, India

3 Diagnostic Laboratory Sciences and Technology Research Center, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology: 4 (3)
Article Type: Research Article

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Abstract

Introduction and objective: Directed evolution is an incredibly powerful tool for altering the properties of enzymes. This approach uses a “sloppy” version of PCR, in which the polymerase has a fairly high error rate to amplify the wild-type sequence. The aim of this study was to produce the Bacillus subtilis mutant lipase which can be active at low temperatures using the error-prone PCR method.

Materials and methods: The pGEM-T vector containing B. subtilis lipase gene was transformed into the Escherichia coli DH5α. The lipase gene was mutated using the error-prone PCR technique. Screening of the mutants was carried out using both microtiter and Luria-Bertani plates containing 1% tributyrin and 100mg/ml ampicillin. Ten out of 1300 clones which showed the lipase activity at 10ºC were isolated. Among them, three desirable mutants named pFJK1, pFJK2 and pFJK3 were selected. Clones containing the wild type and the mutated lipase gene were both purified and characterized. The enzyme assay at different temperatures was carried out.

Results: The optimum temperature for the activity of lipase was achieved at 10º? and 30º? for the mutants and control, respectively. The relative enzyme activity of pFJK1, pFJK2 and pFJK3 at 10ºC was more than two times of their activity at 30ºC. The enzyme retained 70% of its activity at 10º? and there was a drastic decline in enzyme activity at 50º?.

Conclusion: Based on the present findings, the enzyme was characterized as a cold adapted lipase which showed the highest activity at 10º?.

Significance and impact of the study: Cold adapted lipase can be developed for industrial applications such as    additives in detergents.

Keywords

Error-prone PCR Lipase Cold adapted lipase

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