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Clinical spectrum and diagnostic tools of fever of unknown origin among hospitalized patients in Razi Hospital (2006-2008), Ahvaz

AUTHORS

Seyed Mohammad Alavi 1 , * , Mohammad Nadimi 2 , Gholamhossein Sefidgaran 2 , Mohammad Hassan Papi 2 , Gholam Abbas Zamani 3 , 3

1 Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences-Infectious Disease Ward, Razi Hospital, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, alavi1329dr@yahoo.com, Iran

2 Infectious Disease Ward, Razi Hospital, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Iran

3 Health Ministry of Iran

How to Cite: Alavi S M, Nadimi M, Sefidgaran G, Papi M H, Zamani G A, et al. Clinical spectrum and diagnostic tools of fever of unknown origin among hospitalized patients in Razi Hospital (2006-2008), Ahvaz , Jundishapur J Microbiol. Online ahead of Print ; 2(4):152-157.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology: 2 (4); 152-157
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 1, 2009
Accepted: November 1, 2009

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Abstract

Introduction and objective: Fever of unknown origin (FUO) is still an important problem in clinical practice and is a challenging problem worldwide. The objective was to define the clinical spectrum, categories of the diseases and diagnostic tools.

Materials and methods: This retrospective study was undertaken from 2006 to 2008. All patients fulfilling the modified criteria for FUO, hospitalized in infectious disease ward of Razi Hospital in Ahvaz, were enrolled for analysis. Extracted data of patient's medical files including variables such as final diagnosis, diagnostic tools, and ESR values were analyzed in SPSS 11.5.

Results: The etiology of FUO was infectious diseases in 48.9% of the patients, collagen-vascular diseases in 17.8%, neoplasm in 8.3% and miscellaneous diseases in 8.3%. In 16.7% of the cases, the etiology could not be found. The two leading diseases were extra pulmonary tuberculosis (29.3%) and osteomyelitis (26.9%). Culturing, biopsy and CT-scan with the frequency of 31%, 16.7%, and 19.5% respectively were the frequent diagnostic tools. ESR with more than 50mm/h was associated with higher rate of serious disease.

Conclusion: In conclusion, tuberculosis was still the most important cause of FUO in our study. Culturing, biopsy and CT-scan were appropriate diagnostic tools. ESR with high value is a clue to the existence of a serious disease.

Keywords

Fever of unknown origin, Infectious diseases, Tuberculosis

© 0, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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