Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology

Published by: Kowsar

Risk Factors for Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Nasal Colonization of Healthy Children

Babak Soltani 1 , * , Abbas Taghavi Ardakani 1 , Alireza Moravveji 2 , Mahzad Erami 3 , Mostafa Haji Rezaei 4 , Rezvan Moniri 3 and Mansoor Namazi 4
Authors Information
1 Department of Pediatrics, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, IR Iran
2 Department of Community Medicine, Trauma Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, IR Iran
3 Department of Microbiology, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, IR Iran
4 Trauma Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, IR Iran
Article information
  • Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology: September 01, 2014, 7 (9); e20025
  • Published Online: September 1, 2014
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: May 6, 2014
  • Revised: July 2, 2014
  • Accepted: July 25, 2014
  • DOI: 10.5812/jjm.20025

To Cite: Soltani B, Taghavi Ardakani A, Moravveji A, Erami M, Haji Rezaei M, et al. Risk Factors for Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Nasal Colonization of Healthy Children, Jundishapur J Microbiol. 2014 ; 7(9):e20025. doi: 10.5812/jjm.20025.

Copyright © 2014, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. von Eiff C, Becker K, Machka K, Stammer H, Peters G. Nasal carriage as a source of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia. Study Group. N Engl J Med. 2001; 344(1): 11-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Wertheim HF, Vos MC, Ott A, van Belkum A, Voss A, Kluytmans JA, et al. Risk and outcome of nosocomial Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia in nasal carriers versus non-carriers. Lancet. 2004; 364(9435): 703-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Wertheim HF, Melles DC, Vos MC, van Leeuwen W, van Belkum A, Verbrugh HA, et al. The role of nasal carriage in Staphylococcus aureus infections. Lancet Infect Dis. 2005; 5(12): 751-62[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Weidenmaier C, Goerke C, Wolz C. Staphylococcus aureus determinants for nasal colonization. Trends Microbiol. 2012; 20(5): 243-50[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Moyo SJ, Aboud S, Blomberg B, Mkopi N, Kasubi M, Manji K, et al. High nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among healthy Tanzanian under-5 children. Microb Drug Resist. 2014; 20(1): 82-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Ko KS, Lee JY, Baek JY, Peck KR, Rhee JY, Kwon KT, et al. Characterization of Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage from children attending an outpatient clinic in Seoul, Korea. Microb Drug Resist. 2008; 14(1): 37-44[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Ciftci IH, Koken R, Bukulmez A, Ozdemir M, Safak B, Cetinkaya Z. Nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus in 4-6 age groups in healthy children in Afyonkarahisar, Turkey. Acta Paediatr. 2007; 96(7): 1043-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Chatterjee SS, Ray P, Aggarwal A, Das A, Sharma M. A community-based study on nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus. Indian J Med Res. 2009; 130(6): 742-8[PubMed]
  • 9. Onanuga A, Temedie TC. Nasal carriage of multi-drug resistant Staphylococcus aureus in healthy inhabitants of Amassoma in Niger delta region of Nigeria. Afr Health Sci. 2011; 11(2): 176-81[PubMed]
  • 10. Herold BC, Immergluck LC, Maranan MC, Lauderdale DS, Gaskin RE, Boyle-Vavra S, et al. Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in children with no identified predisposing risk. JAMA. 1998; 279(8): 593-8[PubMed]
  • 11. Gosbell IB. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: impact on dermatology practice. Am J Clin Dermatol. 2004; 5(4): 239-59[PubMed]
  • 12. Centers for Disease C. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus skin or soft tissue infections in a state prison--Mississippi, 2000. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2001; 50(42): 919-22[PubMed]
  • 13. Centers for Disease C. Four pediatric deaths from community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus - Minnesota and North Dakota, 1997-1999. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1999; 48(32): 707-10[PubMed]
  • 14. Zetola N, Francis JS, Nuermberger EL, Bishai WR. Community-acquired meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: an emerging threat. Lancet Infect Dis. 2005; 5(5): 275-86[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Muto CA, Jernigan JA, Ostrowsky BE, Richet HM, Jarvis WR, Boyce JM, et al. SHEA guideline for preventing nosocomial transmission of multidrug-resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus and enterococcus. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2003; 24(5): 362-86[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Kuehnert MJ, Kruszon-Moran D, Hill HA, McQuillan G, McAllister SK, Fosheim G, et al. Prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonization in the United States, 2001-2002. J Infect Dis. 2006; 193(2): 172-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Pathak A, Marothi Y, Iyer RV, Singh B, Sharma M, Eriksson B, et al. Nasal carriage and antimicrobial susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus in healthy preschool children in Ujjain, India. BMC Pediatr. 2010; 10: 100[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Mohajeri P, Gholamine B, Rezaei M, Khamisabadi Y. Frequency of Mupirocin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Strains Isolated From Nasal Carriers in Hospital Patients in Kermanshah. J Microbiol. 1970; 5(4): 560-3[DOI]
  • 19. Tabbarai A, Ghaemi E, Fazeli MR, Behnampour N. Prevalence of Staphylococci Aureus nasal carrier in healthy school students in Gorgan. Gorgan Univ Medic Sci J. 2001; 3(2): 6-11
  • 20. Huang YC, Hwang KP, Chen PY, Chen CJ, Lin TY. Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonization among Taiwanese children in 2005 and 2006. J Clin Microbiol. 2007; 45(12): 3992-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Miller MB, Weber DJ, Goodrich JS, Popowitch EB, Poe MD, Nyugen V, et al. Prevalence and risk factor analysis for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonization in children attending child care centers. J Clin Microbiol. 2011; 49(3): 1041-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 22. Fritz SA, Krauss MJ, Epplin EK, Burnham CA, Garbutt J, Dunne WM, et al. The natural history of contemporary Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonization in community children. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2011; 30(4): 349-51[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Fritz SA, Epplin EK, Garbutt J, Storch GA. Skin infection in children colonized with community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. J Infect. 2009; 59(6): 394-401[DOI][PubMed]
  • 24. Ellis MW, Hospenthal DR, Dooley DP, Gray PJ, Murray CK. Natural history of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization and infection in soldiers. Clin Infect Dis. 2004; 39(7): 971-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Creech CB, Beekmann SE, Chen Y, Polgreen PM. Variability among pediatric infectious diseases specialists in the treatment and prevention of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus skin and soft tissue infections. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2008; 27(3): 270-2[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Fritz SA, Garbutt J, Elward A, Shannon W, Storch GA. Prevalence of and risk factors for community-acquired methicillin-resistant and methicillin-sensitive staphylococcus aureus colonization in children seen in a practice-based research network. Pediatrics. 2008; 121(6): 1090-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 27. Nakamura MM, Rohling KL, Shashaty M, Lu H, Tang YW, Edwards KM. Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage in the community pediatric population. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2002; 21(10): 917-22[DOI][PubMed]
  • 28. Creech CB, 2nd, Kernodle DS, Alsentzer A, Wilson C, Edwards KM. Increasing rates of nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in healthy children. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2005; 24(7): 617-21[PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments