Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology

Published by: Kowsar

Prevalence and Genotype Characterization of Blastocystis hominis Among the Baghmalek People in Southwestern Iran in 2013 - 2014

Saleh Khoshnood 1 , Abdollah Rafiei 2 , * , Jasem Saki 2 and Kobra Alizadeh 3
Authors Information
1 Parasitology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran
2 Parasitology Department, Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Health Research Institute, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran
3 Department of Occupational Health, Faculty of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran
Article information
  • Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology: October 01, 2015, 8 (10); e23930
  • Published Online: October 18, 2015
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: October 3, 2014
  • Revised: January 30, 2015
  • Accepted: February 16, 2015
  • DOI: 10.5812/jjm.23930

To Cite: Khoshnood S, Rafiei A, Saki J, Alizadeh K. Prevalence and Genotype Characterization of Blastocystis hominis Among the Baghmalek People in Southwestern Iran in 2013 - 2014, Jundishapur J Microbiol. 2015 ; 8(10):e23930. doi: 10.5812/jjm.23930.

Abstract
Copyright © 2015, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Materials and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Acknowledgements
Footnotes
References
  • 1. Stenzel DJ, Boreham PF. Blastocystis hominis revisited. Clin Microbiol Rev. 1996; 9(4): 563-84[PubMed]
  • 2. Tan KS. Blastocystis in humans and animals: new insights using modern methodologies. Vet Parasitol. 2004; 126(1-2): 121-44[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Clark CG. Cryptic genetic variation in parasitic protozoa. J Med Microbiol. 2000; 49(6): 489-91[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Pegelow K, Gross R, Pietrzik K, Lukito W, Richards AL, Fryauff DJ. Parasitological and nutritional situation of school children in the Sukaraja district, West Java, Indonesia. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 1997; 28(1): 173-90[PubMed]
  • 5. Tan KS. New insights on classification, identification, and clinical relevance of Blastocystis spp. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2008; 21(4): 639-65[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Santin M, Gomez-Munoz MT, Solano-Aguilar G, Fayer R. Development of a new PCR protocol to detect and subtype Blastocystis spp. from humans and animals. Parasitol Res. 2011; 109(1): 205-12[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Ustun S, Turgay N. [Blastocystis hominis and bowel diseases]. Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2006; 30(1): 72-6[PubMed]
  • 8. Kuo HY, Chiang DH, Wang CC, Chen TL, Fung CP, Lin CP, et al. Clinical significance of Blastocystis hominis: experience from a medical center in northern Taiwan. J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2008; 41(3): 222-6[PubMed]
  • 9. El-Shazly AM, Abdel-Magied AA, El-Beshbishi SN, El-Nahas HA, Fouad MA, Monib MS. Blastocystis hominis among symptomatic and asymptomatic individuals in Talkha Center, Dakahlia Governorate, Egypt. J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 2005; 35(2): 653-66[PubMed]
  • 10. Kaya S, Cetin ES, Aridogan BC, Arikan S, Demirci M. Pathogenicity of Blastocystis hominis, a clinical reevaluation. Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2007; 31(3): 184-7[PubMed]
  • 11. Suresh K, Smith H. Comparison of methods for detecting Blastocystis hominis. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2004; 23(6): 509-11[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Tasova Y, Sahin B, Koltas S, Paydas S. Clinical significance and frequency of Blastocystis hominis in Turkish patients with hematological malignancy. Acta Med Okayama. 2000; 54(3): 133-6[PubMed]
  • 13. Clark CG. Extensive genetic diversity in Blastocystis hominis. Mol Biochem Parasitol. 1997; 87(1): 79-83[PubMed]
  • 14. Sardarian K, Hajilooi M, Maghsood A, Moghimbeigi A, Alikhani M. WITHDRAWN: A Study of The Genetic Variability of Blastocystis hominis Isolates in Hamadan, West of Iran. Jundishapur J Microbiol. 2012; 6(1): 11-5
  • 15. Stensvold CR, Suresh GK, Tan KS, Thompson RC, Traub RJ, Viscogliosi E, et al. Terminology for Blastocystis subtypes--a consensus. Trends Parasitol. 2007; 23(3): 93-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Motazedian H, Ghasemi H, Sadjjadi SM. Genomic diversity of Blastocystis hominis from patients in southern Iran. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2008; 102(1): 85-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Moosavi A, Haghighi A, Mojarad EN, Zayeri F, Alebouyeh M, Khazan H, et al. Genetic variability of Blastocystis sp. isolated from symptomatic and asymptomatic individuals in Iran. Parasitol Res. 2012; 111(6): 2311-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Bohm-Gloning B, Knobloch J, Walderich B. Five subgroups of Blastocystis hominis from symptomatic and asymptomatic patients revealed by restriction site analysis of PCR-amplified 16S-like rDNA. Trop Med Int Health. 1997; 2(8): 771-8[PubMed]
  • 19. Tamura K, Dudley J, Nei M, Kumar S. MEGA4: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis (MEGA) software version 4.0. Mol Biol Evol. 2007; 24(8): 1596-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Saitou N, Nei M. The neighbor-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Mol Biol Evol. 1987; 4(4): 406-25[PubMed]
  • 21. Kimura M. A simple method for estimating evolutionary rates of base substitutions through comparative studies of nucleotide sequences. J Mol Evol. 1980; 16(2): 111-20[PubMed]
  • 22. Felsenstein J. Phylogenies and the comparative method. Am Nat. 1985; : 1-15
  • 23. Haghighi A, Khorashad AS, Nazemalhosseini Mojarad E, Kazemi B, Rostami Nejad M, Rasti S. Frequency of enteric protozoan parasites among patients with gastrointestinal complaints in medical centers of Zahedan, Iran. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2009; 103(5): 452-4[DOI][PubMed]
  • 24. Daryani N, Barmaki GH, Ettehad M, Sharif MH, Dehghan A. A cross-sectional study of Blastocystis hominis in primary school children, Northwest Iran. Inter J Trop Med. 2006; 1: 53-7
  • 25. Saksirisampant W, Nuchprayoon S, Wiwanitkit V, Yenthakam S, Ampavasiri A. Intestinal parasitic infestations among children in an orphanage in Pathum Thani province. J Med Assoc Thai. 2003; 86 Suppl 2-70[PubMed]
  • 26. Saksirisampant W, Prownebon J, Kulkumthorn M, Yenthakam S, Janpla S, Nuchprayoon S. Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among school children in the central region of Thailand. J Med Assoc Thai. 2006; 89(11): 1928-33[PubMed]
  • 27. Al-Fellani MA, Khan AH, Al-Gazoui RM, Zaid MK, Al-Ferjani MA. Prevalence and Clinical Features of Blastocystis hominis Infection among Patients in Sebha, Libya. Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J. 2007; 7(1): 35-40[PubMed]
  • 28. Ozyurt M, Kurt O, Molbak K, Nielsen HV, Haznedaroglu T, Stensvold CR. Molecular epidemiology of Blastocystis infections in Turkey. Parasitol Int. 2008; 57(3): 300-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 29. Arisue N, Hashimoto T, Yoshikawa H. Sequence heterogeneity of the small subunit ribosomal RNA genes among blastocystis isolates. Parasitology. 2003; 126: 1-9[PubMed]
  • 30. Yoshikawa H, Wu Z, Nagano I, Takahashi Y. Molecular comparative studies among Blastocystis isolates obtained from humans and animals. J Parasitol. 2003; 89(3): 585-94[DOI][PubMed]
  • 31. Yoshikawa H, Abe N, Wu Z. PCR-based identification of zoonotic isolates of Blastocystis from mammals and birds. Microbiology. 2004; 150: 1147-51[DOI][PubMed]
  • 32. Yan Y, Su S, Lai R, Liao H, Ye J, Li X, et al. Genetic variability of Blastocystis hominis isolates in China. Parasitol Res. 2006; 99(5): 597-601[DOI][PubMed]
  • 33. Poirier P, Wawrzyniak I, Albert A, El Alaoui H, Delbac F, Livrelli V. Development and evaluation of a real-time PCR assay for detection and quantification of blastocystis parasites in human stool samples: prospective study of patients with hematological malignancies. J Clin Microbiol. 2011; 49(3): 975-83[DOI][PubMed]
  • 34. Stensvold CR, Christiansen DB, Olsen KE, Nielsen HV. Blastocystis sp. subtype 4 is common in Danish Blastocystis-positive patients presenting with acute diarrhea. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2011; 84(6): 883-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 35. Noel C, Dufernez F, Gerbod D, Edgcomb VP, Delgado-Viscogliosi P, Ho LC, et al. Molecular phylogenies of Blastocystis isolates from different hosts: implications for genetic diversity, identification of species, and zoonosis. J Clin Microbiol. 2005; 43(1): 348-55[DOI][PubMed]
  • 36. Silberman JD, Sogin ML, Leipe DD, Clark CG. Human parasite finds taxonomic home. Nature. 1996; 380(6573): 398[DOI][PubMed]
  • 37. Yoshikawa H, Wu Z, Kimata I, Iseki M, Ali IK, Hossain MB, et al. Polymerase chain reaction-based genotype classification among human Blastocystis hominis populations isolated from different countries. Parasitol Res. 2004; 92(1): 22-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 38. Tan TC, Ong SC, Suresh KG. Genetic variability of Blastocystis sp. isolates obtained from cancer and HIV/AIDS patients. Parasitol Res. 2009; 105(5): 1283-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 39. Hussein EM, Hussein AM, Eida MM, Atwa MM. Pathophysiological variability of different genotypes of human Blastocystis hominis Egyptian isolates in experimentally infected rats. Parasitol Res. 2008; 102(5): 853-60[DOI][PubMed]
  • 40. Meloni D, Sanciu G, Poirier P, El Alaoui H, Chabe M, Delhaes L, et al. Molecular subtyping of Blastocystis sp. isolates from symptomatic patients in Italy. Parasitol Res. 2011; 109(3): 613-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 41. Yakoob J, Jafri W, Beg MA, Abbas Z, Naz S, Islam M, et al. Irritable bowel syndrome: is it associated with genotypes of Blastocystis hominis. Parasitol Res. 2010; 106(5): 1033-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 42. Jacobson M, Englund S, Ballagi-Pordany A. The use of a mimic to detect polymerase chain reaction-inhibitory factors in feces examined for the presence of Lawsonia intracellularis. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2003; 15(3): 268-73[PubMed]
  • 43. Lantz PG, Matsson M, Wadström T, Rådström P. Removal of PCR inhibitors from human faecal samples through the use of an aqueous two-phase system for sample preparation prior to PCR. J Microbiol Methods. 1997; 28(3): 159-67
  • 44. Monteiro L, Bonnemaison D, Vekris A, Petry KG, Bonnet J, Vidal R, et al. Complex polysaccharides as PCR inhibitors in feces: Helicobacter pylori model. J Clin Microbiol. 1997; 35(4): 995-8[PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments