Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology

Published by: Kowsar

Aflatoxin in Raw and Salt-Roasted Nuts (Pistachios, Peanuts and Walnuts) Sold in Markets of Tabriz, Iran

Alireza Ostadrahimi 1 , Fereshteh Ashrafnejad 2 , Abdolhassan Kazemi 2 , * , Nafiseh Sargheini 3 , Reza Mahdavi 2 , Mohammadreza Farshchian 4 and Sepideh Mahluji 3
Authors Information
1 Nutritional Research Center, Faculty of nutrition, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran
2 Liver and Gastrointestinal Diseases Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran
3 Department of Biochemistry and Nutrition, Faculty of Nutrition, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran
4 Department of Health of Environment, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran
Article information
  • Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology: January 01, 2014, 7 (1); e8674
  • Published Online: January 1, 2014
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: October 20, 2012
  • Revised: April 29, 2013
  • Accepted: May 8, 2013
  • DOI: 10.5812/jjm.8674

To Cite: Ostadrahimi A, Ashrafnejad F, Kazemi A, Sargheini N, Mahdavi R, et al. Aflatoxin in Raw and Salt-Roasted Nuts (Pistachios, Peanuts and Walnuts) Sold in Markets of Tabriz, Iran, Jundishapur J Microbiol. 2014 ; 7(1):e8674. doi: 10.5812/jjm.8674.

Copyright © 2014, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Materials and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Khosravi AR, Shokri H, Ziglari T. Evaluation of Fungal Flora in Some Important Nut Products (Pistachio, Peanut, Hazelnut and Almond) in Tehran, Iran. Pak J Nutr. 2007; 6(5): 460-462[DOI]
  • 2. Horn BW. Colonization of wounded peanut seeds by soil fungi: selectivity for species from Aspergillus section Flavi. Mycologia. 2005; 97(1): 202-17[PubMed]
  • 3. Kazemi A. Carcinogenic mycotoxins The 1st Student's Congress of Cancer 2003; : 90
  • 4. Soubra L, Sarkis D, Hilan C, Verger P. Occurrence of total aflatoxins, ochratoxin A and deoxynivalenol in foodstuffs available on the Lebanese market and their impact on dietary exposure of children and teenagers in Beirut. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2009; 26(2): 189-200[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Wang J, Liu XM. Contamination of aflatoxins in different kinds of foods in China. Biomed Environ Sci. 2007; 20(6): 483-7[PubMed]
  • 6. Rezaeian F, Zamene Milani F, Kazemi A, Mohtadi Nia J, Ghaem Maghami SJ, Jabbari M. Contamination of tea and traditional vegetable distilled to mycotoxin producer fungi 9th Iranian Nutrition Congress. 2006; : 247
  • 7. Kabak B. Prevention and Management of Mycotoxins in Food and Feed.Mycotoxins in Food, Feed and Bioweapons. 2010; : 201-27
  • 8. Cheraghali AM, Yazdanpanah H, Doraki N, Abouhossain G, Hassibi M, Ali-abadi S, et al. Incidence of aflatoxins in Iran pistachio nuts. Food Chem Toxicol. 2007; 45(5): 812-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Alwakeel SS, Nasse LA. Microbial Contamination and Mycotoxins from Nuts in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Am J Food Technol. 2011; 6(8): 613-30
  • 10. Gurses M. Mycoflora and Aflatoxin Content of Hazelnuts, Walnuts, Peanuts, Almonds and Roasted Chickpeas (LEBLEBI) Sold in Turkey. Int J Food Prop. 2006; 9(3): 395-9
  • 11. Luttfullah G, Hussain A. Studies on contamination level of aflatoxins in some dried fruits and nuts of Pakistan. Food Control. 2011; 22(3-4): 426-429[DOI]
  • 12. Dorner JW. Management and prevention of mycotoxins in peanuts. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2008; 25(2): 203-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Yazdanpanah H, Mohammadi T, Abouhossain G, Cheraghali AM. Effect of roasting on degradation of Aflatoxins in contaminated pistachio nuts. Food Chem Toxicol. 2005; 43(7): 1135-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Kashaninejad M, Mortazavi A, Safekordi A, Tabil LG. Some physical properties of Pistachio (Pistaciavera L.) nut and its kernel. J Food Engine. 2006; 72(1): 30-8
  • 15. Bankole SA, Ogunsanwo BM, Eseigbe DA. Aflatoxins in Nigerian dry-roasted groundnuts. Food Chem. 2005; 89(4): 503-506[DOI]
  • 16. Sabate J, Ang Y. Nuts and health outcomes: new epidemiologic evidence. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009; 89(5): 1643S-1648S[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Kazemi A, Mohtadi Nia J, Vahed Jabbari M, Ghayour E. Survey of Food Stuff to Carcinogenic Mycotoxins The 3rd Congress of Medical Plants 2007; : 386
  • 18. Molyneux RJ, Mahoney N, Kim JH, Campbell BC. Mycotoxins in edible tree nuts. Int J Food Microbiol. 2007; 119(1-2): 72-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Leong Y, Ismail N, Latif AA, Ahmad R. Aflatoxin occurrence in nuts and commercial nutty products in Malaysia. Food Control. 2010; 21(3): 334-338[DOI]
  • 20. Chun HS, Kim HJ, Ok HE, Hwang JB, Chung DH. Determination of aflatoxin levels in nuts and their products consumed in South Korea. Food Chem. 2007; 102(1): 385-391[DOI]
  • 21. Rostami R, Naddafi K, Aghamohamadi A, Saleh HN, Davil MF. Survey of peanut fungal contamination and its relationship with ambient conditions in the Bazar of Zanjan. Iran J Env Health Sci Eng. 2009; 6(4): 295-300
  • 22. Pitt JI, Dyer SK, McCammon S. Systemic invasion of developing peanut plants by Aspergillus flavus. Lett Appl Microbiol. 1991; 13(1): 16-20[DOI]
  • 23. Situation of aflatoxin contamination in groundnut and groundnut products in Thailand in 2004 Proceedings of 43rd Kasetsart University Annual Conference. : 557-64
  • 24. Abdulkadar AHW, Al-Ali A, Al-Jedah J. Aflatoxin contamination in edible nuts imported in Qatar. Food Control. 2000; 11(2): 157-160[DOI]
  • 25. Juan C, Zinedine A, Moltó JC, Idrissi L, Mañes J. Aflatoxins levels in dried fruits and nuts from Rabat-Salé area, Morocco. Food Control. 2008; 19(9): 849-853[DOI]
  • 26. Bayman P, Baker JL, Mahoney NE. Aspergillus on tree nuts: incidence and associations. Mycopathologia. 2002; 155(3): 161-9[PubMed]
  • 27. Fernane F, Sanchis V, Marin S, Ramos AJ. First report on mould and mycotoxin contamination of pistachios sampled in Algeria. Mycopathologia. 2010; 170(6): 423-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 28. AmjadIqbal S, Khalil IA, Shah H. Aflatoxin contents of stored and artificially inoculated cereals and nuts. Food Chem. 2006; 98(4): 699-703[DOI]
  • 29. Shakerardekani A, Karim R. Effect of different types of plastic packaging films on the moisture and aflatoxin contents of pistachio nuts during storage. J Food Sci Technol. 2012; 50(2): 409-411[DOI]
  • 30. Youssef MS, El-Maghraby OMO, Ibrahim YM. Mycobiota and Mycotoxins of Egyptian Peanut (Arachis hypogeae L.) Seeds. Int J Bot. 2008; 4(4): 349-360[DOI]
  • 31. Siahi MR, Ansarin M, Tahavori A, Ghaderi F, Nemati M. Determination of aflatoxins in nuts of Tabriz confectionaries by ELISA and HPLC methods. Adv Pharm Bull. 2012; 2(1): 123-126
  • 32. Zheng Z, Humphrey CW, King RS, Richard JL. Validation of an ELISA test kit for the detection of total aflatoxins in grain and grain products by comparison with HPLC. Mycopathologia. 2005; 159(2): 255-63[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments